These paintings are made with handmade watercolour on archival board. This ongoing series references historical colour charts (commercial and those linked to various 19th & 20th century art movements). Historical paintings that deal chiefly with colour theory and demonstrate the properties of particular colours alongside geometric forms are also influences. In remaking these motifs with handmade pigments and hand-collected binders from London and other sites within the U.K the original chart's use is altered. These new pigments usurp the originals, that are often made with toxic colours (made of heavy metals like cobalt and cadmium pigments) and are replaced with waste stream, plant-based or earth pigments.

A walk along the Thames 2020, Materials: clockwise from top centre- Mudlark verdigris, Georgian yellow brick, London red brick, carbon black, brown brick, London iron oxide, London clay, charcoal, medieval clay tile, copper carbonate, brown-violet brick, victorian clay pipe, gum Arabic on archival watercolour paper, 2021.

Infinity Front Lawn,  copper corrosion and Georgian yellow brick on archival watercolour board, 2020
After Frank Stella II, Brick dust, copper corrosion and carbon black on archival watercolour board, 2020
Waste stream colours of London (After an anonymous colour chart created in 1708), Brick dust, copper corrosion, slate and carbon black on archival watercolour board, 2021
After Itten, Brick dust, copper corrosion, slate, weld lake pigment and carbon black on archival watercolour board, 2021.
Four Roundels, carbon black created from charred wood from London and Berlin, gum Arabic on archival watercolour paper, 2020.
After Frank Stella, Brick dust, copper corrosion and carbon black on archival watercolour board, 2020
St. George Geometry, verdigris pigment made with milk to a 18th century Russian recipe, Verdigris and watercolour binder on archival watercolour board, 2021
Lincoln Green, Verdigris, woad and weld on vellum, 2022. (Lincoln Green refers to a historical green colour made in Lincoln and Kendal, U.K during the medieval period created by dyeing textiles with weld and then over dyed with woad)